Brian Smegal, President
Criminal Justice Association of Ontario
104 Galt Ave
As the president of the Criminal Justice Association of Ontario, I would like to provide you with our Summary Report. As you know our idea was to host a three day congress targeting a local, provincial, national and international audience with a focus on youth justice and youth matters and emphasize the youth theme in all aspects of the conference. I would like to report some of the highlights of Congress 2017 that speak to our goal:
The planning committee process spanned 30 months and involved broad membership from community agencies, colleges, municipal staff, students, technical personnel, and representation from four ministries. We took a shared approach to planning meetings held in both community and government spaces which helped broaden the partnerships and provided practical mutual learning and developmental experiences with new insights for all the planning group participants. Ministry staff committee members helped to sustain the planning process by researching and contacting potential presenters and engaging with community leaders, and managing administrative tasks, arranging, booking, coordinating and hosting committee meetings, and following up on assignments. These hands on experiences, developing new contacts and by managing the organizing details enabled staff to develop and learn new skills and broaden their expertise in community collaboration.
The call for papers and abstract submissions was broadly distributed across the country through federal/provincial/territorial channels, university and community college networks, youth organizations and government linkages.
A Ministry staff sub-committee established a two-staged coordinated communications process that continuously ramped up messaging across multiple OPS platforms targeting all ministries focusing on youth, education and justice (MCYS, MAG, EDU, MOHLTC, and MCSCS). The second stage focussed on OPS wide sites including HR Communicates, Topical, and OPS Weekly with bi-weekly creative messaging, for instance, Every child is an artist, the problem is staying an artist when you grow upâŠ Congress 2017 countdown: 105 days left to register!
During the 30 month planning stage new topics emerged that became relevant to a youth audience. The legalization of cannabis was not part of contemporary discourse when planning began and came to dominate discussions in late 2016. Issues concerning the radicalization of youth and Islamic fundamentalism were becoming a flashpoint and matters about Indigenous reconciliation began to get traction in popular media. We proactively targeted expert groups, specialists, academics and professionals, inviting them to join panels and provide keynote presentations in specific areas of interest.
Congress programmed nine keynote/plenary sessions which aligned with a daily theme linked to the abstract submissions for concurrent presentations. In this way we developed an opportunity to program up to multiple topic-related presenters at the same session providing a multidimensional perspective to a topic.
To engage youth as delegates and participants contact was made with youth organizations that speak to youth and their concerns in a language and manner that is current and connects with youth. An early decision to contract a presenter whose medium uses skate board ramps to illustrate overcoming obstacles, learning new skills and enhancing self-esteem. The technique engages at risk youth to volunteer to teach special needs and younger kids to skateboard, which in turn leads to learning how to help others and help themselves.
The Toronto International Film Festival (tiff) partnered with Congress to showcase a collaboration between the tiff outreach programming and RISE edutainment to use film and poetry to amplify youth voices about Congress related topics. The premiere of four short 2 minute films produced for Congress were presented by the youth filmmakers providing insight into their experiences of exclusion.
Suicide prevention presentation was managed via a unique rock musical presentation with a young man left for dead at the scene of a horrific accident. He has foregone a professional music career to speak to youth in their schools, reservations and detention centres across the country and bring his philosophy and his discovery of meaning in life. Over 600 students have handed him their suicide notes after his presentations.
A mock Youth Court presentation by Centennial College, Community Justice Program students was presented at the Old City Hall presided over by the Honourable Justice David Cole and open to the public. Congress provided the students with the real experience in partnership with Ministry of the Attorney General and City of Toronto.
The daily presence of 16 youth ambassadors who supported keynote and concurrent sessions and helped reinforce the youth theme emphasizing generational inclusivity. And a daily guest host, whose background and expertise were closely aligned with the tenor of the day. A young adult hosted a day where his challenges with gangs and the justice system provided the right note of credibility for a guest speaker who also has overcome their struggles with mental health and justice issues.
Presenter Anthony Doob, graduated from Harvard in 1964 and received his Ph.D. (in psychology) from Stanford University in 1967. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and was named a member of the Order of Canada in 2014. He served as Director of the Centre of Criminology from 1979 to 1989 and was one of the members of the Canadian Sentencing Commission from 1984 until 1987.
Presenter: David Mitchell, Assistant Deputy Minister, Youth Justice Services Division, Ministry of Children and Youth Services. Prior to joining the Ministry of Children and Youth Services David Mitchell was the Regional Director of Central Region Community Services in the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services (MCSCS), where he was responsible for the administration and oversight of probation and parole services in the central region.
- This presentation focussed on the Evolution of youth justice in Ontario from 1994 to present YOA to YCJA, Ministry of Children and Youth (2003), low custody rates and development of community justice services. Themes included partnerships with community and broadening the scope to consider child welfare system, education, mental health, gang involved youth and youth at risk. In depth video presentations illustrated the advances in youth justice inside a custody facility and an indigenous Ge-Da-Gi Benez facility. The future for youth justice is as an evidence informed, inclusive collaborative model with a youth voice.
Concurrent Sessions: A1-A6
A1 Improving Outcomes for High Risk Youth: Police, Probation, Community & Research Partnerships
A1-1: Youth and Police in the Community
Presenters: Elizabeth Leroux, Ph.D.Candidate at Carleton University and Nick Maicantis, Neighbourhood Officer with Toronto Police Services
- This workshop was designed to promote community-based policing initiatives with youth. The presentation focussed on empirical evidence of the effectiveness of such programs in improving youth attitudes toward the police within a theoretical framework of attitudinal change and several best practice recommendations.
A1-2: Police-Probation Partnerships for Justice Involved Youth
Presenter: Adrienne Peters, Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Memorial University of Newfoundland
This presentation examines the central benefits and barriers in implementing community-based, multiagency, youth justice partnerships based on interviews with police and youth probation officers assigned to specialized units/caseloads,. It provided information that professionals/personnel can apply if considering developing such collaborations, or have already developed partnerships with varying degrees of success.
A1-3: Partnership to Improve Youth Justice Outcomes
Presenter: Annie Smith, Executive Director, McCreary Centre Society
Research findings shared via a British Columbia research partnership between a community-based research organisation, two colleges, and two community based youth justice services. The presentation offers students in the field of youth justice the opportunity to work on research projects of direct benefit to youth serving agencies.
A2 Radicalization of Young People through Social Media/Online
A2-1: Marginalized, Criminalized or Radicalized?
Presenter: Dr.Hieu Van Ngo, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary
Presentation was a discussion about where labels like âmarginalizedâ, âcriminalizedâ and âradicalized come from how they are constructed. People are quick to use labels and the discussion centred on the meanings of these words by the people who use them and the meanings for the people to whom they words are applied.
A2-2: Youth Radicalization: At Risk Populations & Recruitment Methods
Presenter: Bradley Galloway, Research Assistant, University of the Fraser Valley
This presentation focussed on the processes of radicalization, misconceptions and prevention techniques used to counter the growing area of online recruitment by terrorist or extremist groups focused on youth populations.
A2-3: How Western Youth are Becoming Jihadists: Events, Emotions and Senses*
Presenter: Maria Mourani, President and Founder of Mourani-Criminologie, a Canadian criminal research and consulting firm. Maria is a criminologist, sociologist and author who specializes in street gangs and organized crime. Since 2013, she has been leading research on the issue of jihadism among Occidental youth.
The participation of young Canadians in armed conflict in the name of jihad has become worrisome. This workshop aims to provide an understanding of these young persons' transformation process in order to gain prevention and intervention tools.
*This session was presented in English and French.
A3. Making Mental Health Services Work for Youth at Risk
A3-1: Collaborating Across Sectors to Improve Systems
Presenter: Marla Banning, Regional Implementation Coordinator, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Research highlights the value of working across sectors to provide client-centred approaches to care.
This presentation discussed several research projects that highlight the value of working across sectors to provide client-centred approaches to care and the innovations in Ontario that involve collaboration across youth justice, mental health, and addictions sectors to highlight how stakeholders came together to implement meaningful system change for youth justice clients.
A3-2: The Niagara Youth Court Screening Initiative
Presenters: Mike Taylor, Executive Director, Youth Resources Niagara (YRN) and Marla Banning, Regional Implementation Coordinator, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.
- This presentation focussed on how the Niagara Youth Justice Collaborative developed the Niagara Youth Court Screening Initiative (NYCSI). NYCSI is a coordinated, cross-sectoral community intervention that places a multi-agency Screening Team at court to screen first appearance youth for mental health, addictions, and other issues, and supports them in accessing appropriate services and support. Participants were provided materials to consider how to replicate the model in their own communities
A3-3: Connecting Youth with Mental Health Services
Presenters: Dr. Patricia Erickson, Professor of Sociology and Criminology at the University of Toronto, Dr. Evelyn Vingilis, Professor in the Departments of Family Medicine and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dr. Hayley Hamilton, scientist at CAMH's Institute for Mental Health Policy Research and Dr. Kate Einarson, Postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Toronto and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.
- The presentation provided an overview of a project aimed at improving mental health services to youth in custody, and discussed findings and implications of the research. The interRAI Youth Justice Custodial Facilities (YJCF) assessment instrument used within the project was introduced and aspects of the instrument were discussed.
A4. Making a Difference with High Risk Youth
A4-1: Self Help and Youth Justice
Presenters: George Myette, National Executive Director, The 7th Step Society of Canada and Peter Brown, 7th Step Member, Scott MacDonald, 7th Step Member and Peter Banks, Public Education Speaker.
- A panel presentation by the 7th Step Society of Canada with insights into their self-help program for youth in custody in Whitbourne Institution in Whitbourne, Newfoundland. The discussion included ex-offender speakers from the public legal education programs in Alberta and Nova Scotia which provide restorative and preventive benefits to speakers and students.
A5. The Lived Impacts of Cyber-Bullying and Child Pornography
A5-1: Child Pornography: Understanding the Scope of the Problem
Presenters: Mihael Cole, Assistant Crown Attorney, Detective Lisa Belanger, Toronto Police Services
- Mihael Cole is one of 6 Crowns assigned to the child exploitation team Toronto, speaking to the nature and types of the imagery and the parliamentary and judicial evolution when it comes to sentencing child pornographers.
Detective Lisa Belanger led the largest takedown of child pornography in history. The investigation involved two dozen countries, hundreds of victims and thousands of users. She discussed her experience about how images and videos are trafficked throughout the world.
A6 What to do? Extremism and Radicalization in Adult Corrections: A Federal and Provincial Perspective
A6-1: Radicalization and Recruitment within Provincial Corrections
Presenters: Mark Parisotto, Superintendent, Maplehurst Correctional Complex and John Llika,
Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Service.
Media reports regarding terrorism, extremism and hate crimes highlight concerns that many of us have regarding these issues within Canada. In some European countries and in the U.S. the added concern of the potential radicalization of inmates within correctional facilities has brought these concerns to the forefront. This presentation separated fact from fiction and provided a unique opportunity to understand the mindset and tactics used to recruit and radicalize inmates and consider some of the consequences resulting from these actions.
A6-2: Radicalized Offenders and CSC: Evidence-based Correctional Management
Presenter: Dr. Andra Moser, Director General, Women Offender Sector, Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)
CSC experts offered a comprehensive view of radicalization in Canadian federal institutions, providing insight into the current profile of these offenders and illustrating how research results have been used in the development of evidence-based policy and practice in the correctional management of this unique population.
Because the criminal justice cycle does not end with a criminal conviction, the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) is well positioned to directly assist and support its criminal justice partners in areas such as vulnerable person detection, risk assessment, deterrent messaging, interventions, and community reintegration of the radicalized offender population.
Concurrent Sessions: B1-B6
Youth Crossing Child Welfare & Youth Justice Systems: How to Stop Failing these Youth
B1-1: Crossover Youth
Presenters: Matthew Eaton-Kent, Heather Kere Quelleng and Jessica Selemo, Ryerson University
- The Crossover Youth Project (COY) is a four-year pilot project initiated as a community-based response to bring about systemic changes in four unique communities in Ontario on behalf of crossover youth. The ultimate aim of the Project is to reduce the involvement of crossover youth in the justice system at large, as well as to prevent youth in the child welfare system from âcrossing overâ into the justice system. Crossover youth are defined as young persons between the ages of 12-17 who are in care or receiving services through the child welfare system and also have involvement in the criminal justice system. Equity-seeking groups are disproportionately overrepresented in the population of crossover youth.
B1-2: Supporting Crossover Children in Municipalities
Presenter: Anthony Piscitell, Doctoral Candidate in Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University.
- This presentation provided an approach for developing a community safety and well-being plan by reviewing a project conducted to address crossover children. The six step planning process was described as a municipal framework for crime prevention.
B2: Using Evidence-Based Policies for Crime Prevention/Intervention
B2-1: Using New Crime Prevention Strategies to Build Evidence Informed Programming
Presenter: Donna Smith-Moncrieffe, Senior Evaluation Advisor in Public Safety Canada
- This presentation discussed how evidence-based methods are used to evaluate two new crime prevention related policies in the government of Canada. Participants learned how unique research methods were used to evaluate the new prostitution exiting initiative in Canada (Bill C-36) and how innovative qualitative evaluation techniques were used to evaluate the efficacy of a new cyber-prevention bullying tool.
Participants also learned about the process of how evidence-based research shapes new policies. A review of process evaluation results, form 8 interim prostitution exiting programs and the results from the prevention cyberbully app demonstrated how results shape existing policy.
B2-2: Federal Offenders, Previous Youth Court Involvements and Release Outcomes
Presenter: Ben Vuong, Senior Manager with the Integrated Strategic Business Planning Division of the Strategic Policy Planning Branch at the Correctional Service of Canada
- The case management and treatment of federally-sentenced offenders has undergone massive transformation. This session provided an overview of the latest findings in the assessment of federal offenders and presented facts about previous involvements in the youth criminal justice system exploring risk assessment and management schemes and release outcomes.
B3 Specialized Populations and Racial Equality
B3-1: Race-based Data Within the Youth Justice System:
Benefits, Challenges and Policy Options
Presenters: Assistant Deputy Minister, Anti-Racism Directorate, Akwatu Khenti; Remi Warner, Manager, Anti-Racism Directorate and Dr. Scot Wortley, University of Toronto
- Began with a brief overview of Canadian research that has uncovered significant racial disparities within the youth justice system and exploring the uses - and possible misuses - of race-based data. Despite significant methodological and ethical challenges, presenters argued that the benefits of race-based collection outweigh any potential negative consequences
The presentation concluded with a discussion of recent efforts by Ontario's Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD) to establish a framework for the collection of race-based data: a framework that will help policy-makers address issues of systemic racism and promote racial equality. The critical argument was that disparity reduction would be meaningless without such data for benchmarking, implementation and evaluation analysis.
B4 Examining Youth Justice with an International Lens
B4-1: Pursuing Cross-National and Comparative Research
Presenter: Russell Smandych, Professor of Sociology and Criminology, University of Manitoba
- This presentation examined current practices related to cross-national and international knowledge sharing and transfer in the field of youth justice reform. The presenter argued for a more systematic cross-national and comparative approach that would contribute to evidence-based policy and practice in the field.
B4-2: Youth Justice in Australia - An Overview, Key Issues and Future Directions
Presenter: Arianne Schlumpp, Senior analyst and Project Manager, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
- This presentation provided information on youth justice supervision in Australia through national data including recent supervision trends, analyses on the number of young people who return to supervision following release, and young people who have contact with youth justice supervision and the child protection system.
B5 Creating Networks: The Key to Improving Youth Justice Outcomes
B5-1: National Youth Justice Network â Opportunities, Knowledge, Results
Presenters: Tim Veresh, Executive Director PLEA Community Services Society British Columbia, Gord Boyd, Director, Youth Justice Services Youth Service Bureau, Gord Irving, Director, Boys and Girls Club Greater Victoria British Columbia and Cindy Murphy, Executive Director John Howard Society Newfoundland.
- The National Youth Justice Network was established in 2013. Service providers and stakeholders meet monthly via teleconference to discuss current youth justice issues, opportunities collaboration and best practices. They review patterns and trends that are seen in their respective regions regarding youth justice and share innovative practices that may help other members address challenges in serving youth involved in the justice system.
Membership is comprised of representatives from British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador and Northwest Territories. The presentation an open invitation to youth justice practitioners to learn about the work that has been completed and the three year partnership with the Department of Justice Canada.
B6 The Etiology of Youth Gangs
B6-1: Street Gangs in Quebec: GRP Approach
Presenters: Claudie Bourget, Coordinator of Clinical Services, Projett SAJ-Table gangs de rue Laval and Marylou BossĂ©, Centre Jeunesse de Laval
- Established in Laval, the SAJ project offers individual support for youth, at risk or affiliated with a street gang. Adapted from the Gang Reduction Program, a model from the United States, the project has been successfully adapted to the Quebec context. *This session was presented in English and French. Translation Headsets provided.
B6-2: Supporting Youth in or at-Risk of Gang Involvement within Ontario's
Youth Justice System
Presenters: Shawn Mitchell and Haweiya Egeh, Youth Justice Services Division, MCYS
- In 2012, the Ministry of Children and Youth Services, Youth Justice Services Division (YJSD) launched its strategy to Support Youth In or At-risk of Gang Involvement, a multi-year strategy to build the capacity of youth justice services providers in order to better respond to the needs of youth who are in, or at risk of gang involvement.
Informed by consultations with internal and external stakeholders, key components developed for the strategy included the introduction of a standardized assessment tool, training for frontline staff, and targeted programming. To ensure that the rehabilitation and reintegration needs of these youth continue to be met, the strategy is being reviewed and refreshed in order to shift focus from custody/detention facilities, to a focus on following the needs of youth throughout the entire continuum of youth justice services while consistently engaging and working with key community partners.
Summary of Knowledge, Research and Best Practices Day 2 October 26
Key Note Presentation
Youth Radicalization: New and Emerging Challenges
Presenters: Fowzia Duale Virtue, Provincial Youth Outreach and Mahad Yusuf, Executive Director, Midaynta Community Services
- The Keynote presentation examined radicalization risks that included marginalization and social exclusion of young people and how being responsive to critical voices of the Somali and Muslim communities helps ensure radicalization does not become a pathology of criminalization targeting youth. Midaynta co-organized the Youth Radicalization: Policy and Education Response Conference, with the support of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE/UofT), the Ontario Government, the U.S. Consulate in Toronto, and the Toronto Police Service to address reports of dozens of young Canadians joining violent extremist groups abroad in 2015.
Sub Plenary Sessions
Human Trafficking, Sex Industry and Sexual Violence*
Presenters: Bruce Rivers, Executive Director, Covenant House; Casandra Diamond, BridgeNorth, Women's Mentorship & Advocacy Services; Barbara Gosse, Canadian Centre to End Human Trafficking; Larissa Maxwell, Salvation Army in British Columbia and Nunzio Tramontozzi, Toronto Police Services.
- This presentation provided a pan-Canadian overview of trends, challenges and approaches taken to address the actions of perpetrators and the needs of survivors of human trafficking. The diverse panel with lived and applied experience addressed this growing problem developing in Vancouver, Toronto and beyond to share information, knowledge and lessons learned to support aspects that are most relevant at a local service, policy or research level. *This presentation was presented in English and translated into French.
Youth Justice in Ontario: Continued Transformation Through Innovation
Presenters: The Honourable Justice Brian Muir Scully, The Honourable Justice Hugh L. Fraser, The Honourable Justice Sharon Nicklas, The Honourable Justice Jacqueline Loignon.
- The presentation focussed on the impact of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) and how it set a national policy direction regarding the need for reduced use of custody, increased diversion and community supports. Ontario's response to the YCJA led to the transformation from a predominantly custody focused system to a system that offers a broad range of evidence-based/evidence-informed custody and community programs that address the unique and diverse needs of youth, their families and communities.
Concurrent Sessions: C1-C6
C1. Serious Violent Offences and Complex Mental Health Needs: Intensive Rehabilitative Custody and Supervision Order*
Facilitator: Clare Cullen, Policy & Program Analyst for Ontario's IRCS program, Youth Justice Services Division, MCYS
Presenters: The Honourable Justice Heather Perkins-McVey, Dr.Jeffrey Wong, Forensic Psychologist, Robin Trombley, Department of Justice Canada Counsel and Carly Uhlman, Probation Manager with IRCS Case Management experience
- A panel presentation discussing the Youth Criminal Justice Act and its' sentencing option, an IRCS Order. This order provides court approved treatment and rehabilitation plans for young persons who have been found guilty of a serious violent offence, have diagnosed complex mental health and agrees to programming throughout the course of their sentence. *This session was presented in English and French.
C2 Supportive Youth Housing: An Unforgotten Key in Safe Re-Integration
C2-1: A Developmentally Supportive Youth Housing Model
Presenter: Lisa Harris, Program Manager for Youth Housing at the Calgary John Howard Society
- This presentation addressed the amalgamation and brief history of The Youth Residential Service and Roofs for Youth and how the adaptations of the programs address the complex issues that marginalized youth face in Calgary. Place-based housing (hubs) offer onsite support and living skills development while a variety of more independent placements (spokes) can be offered to youth with the hubs acting as an ongoing resource or home to fall back on.
C2-2: Customized Housing Solutions of Homeless Youth
Presenter: Karen McGavin, Covenant House Toronto
- This presentation provided an overview of Covenant House Toronto's multifaceted approach to providing transitional and stable housing options for at risk, trafficked and homeless youth. Through a continuum of options including our Rights of Passage, Scattered Apartments and Supported Lodging programs, Covenant House has established a wraparound approach with Youth in Transition workers that is both flexible, innovative as well as effective.
C3 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders as a Mobilizer in Education Change: Protective Factors for Youth with FASD
Presenters: Mike Dean, Holly Szumowski and Nicole Downey, Keewatin-Patricia District School Board.
- A presentation about the Keewatin-Patricia District School Board's Transitions North program in Sioux Lookout, Dryden and Kenora in partnership with the Ministry of Education, that offers a range of academic and social/emotional support for students with high needs due, in part, to fetal alcohol exposure. The program focusses on reducing the developmental and academic gaps using the Ontario Curriculum guidelines and alternative programming to develop individualized student plans based on the students' strengths and needs.
C4 Building Capacity: Digital Learning for 21st Century Youth
Presenters: Marg Stanowski, Executive Director and Mark Schuler, Manager of Program Design and Evaluation, Springboard.
- This presentation demonstrated how Springboard's Community Learning HUB can build capacity within youth serving organizations by providing engaging, evidence-informed, skill-development programming for youth, a wide range of knowledge exchange resources for facilitators, and opportunities to collaboratively.
C5 Decision-Making Based on Research Rather than Ideology or Whim
C5-1: The Effective Programming Initiative
Presenter: Dave Farthing, Senior Policy Analyst, Youth Justice Services Division, MCYS
- This presentation provided an overview of the Youth Justice Services Divisions' Effective Programming Initiative, a multi-year transformative Initiative focused on supporting capacity across Ontario's youth justice services for the design, delivery and evaluation of effective programming. Focus on the initiative's engagement approach with youth, service providers, and key stakeholders to inform program development and delivery. The initiative is aligned with research and in response to the disproportionate impacts of the justice system on Black, African Canadian, First Nations, MĂ©tis, Inuit, urban Indigenous, and LGBTQ2S youth.
C5-2: Better Data Visualization Better Decision in Youth Service
Presenter: Dr.Seref Onder, Researcher.
- This presentation introduced an interactive dashboard that included multiple visualizations from a youth organization. The interactive dashboard allows practitioners and scholars to get the information they need fast and accurately.
C6 Young Adult Offenders in Federal Custody
C6-1: Incarcerated Young Adults in Nova Scotia: Context and Crossroads
Presenter: Leah Crowell, Researcher
- A summary presentation of Crowell's masters' research that analysed a survey administered to prisoners in Nova Scotia's adult correctional facilities in December 2015. Findings strongly support that today's young adults have had harsh life experiences and closely aligns with research on juveniles which require more and/or different supports than older adults.
C6-2: An Examination of Younger Adult Offenders in Federal Custody
Presenters: Terri Scott, Senior Research Officer and Dr.Leslie-Ann Keown, Research Manager for Special Projects and Data Management Team, Correctional Service Canada.
- A presentation to help understand the unique experiences of young adult offenders aged 18 to 21. Comparisons to determine the risk and needs of young adult offenders in federal custody fiscal year 2016-17 will be compared to offenders aged 22 to 25 and offenders aged 26 to 30 years. Variables examined include criminal (static) risk, dynamic need, offence and sentencing, as well as correctional management indicators such as reintegration potential, motivation, responsivity, and gender.
Keynote Panel: Reconciliation: The Path Forward
Panelists: Dr. Dawn Lavell Harvard, First People's House of Learning, Trent University; Constable Monica Rutledge, Toronto Police Services; Rose Lipton, Right To Play; Victoria Monague Right To Play Community Mentor; Sean Monteith, Director of Education for the Keewatin-Patricia District School Board; Kieran McMonagle, First Nation, Metis and Inuit Graduation Coach at Dryden High School.
- Reconciliation: The Path Forward brought together leading Indigenous voices and community programming partners to explore the spirit of reconciliation, and how it is being reflected in programs helping indigenous youth achieve their goals.
Keynote Speaker: Robb Nash: One Last Breath
Internationally known for leaving a successful music career to share his story with thousands of young people, performing in schools, reservations and detention centres across Canada. Robb's presentations are made at no cost to these facilities and more than 600 students have handed Robb Nash their suicide notes after presentations in schools across Canada. Through his songs and stories, hear what this Lead Singer of a Canadian Top 40 Rock band discovered through a horrific car accident that left him dead at the scene, and how he has used that experience to discover purpose and meaning in life.
Summary of Knowledge, Research and Best Practices Day 3 October 27
Keynote Presentation: Youth Voices
Moderator: Dr.Jim Cullen
Presenters: Reesee Zigga Zagga, RISE Edutainment, Elysse Leonard, Poets: Furgan Mohamed, Kevorah, Michael Morales and Halima Nuri
The presentation showcased a collaboration between the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) Community Outreach programming and Reaching Intelligent Souls Everywhere (RISE) Edutainment. The presentation incorporated film and poetry to amplify youth voices on topics related to Congress 2017 and delegates experienced topics pertaining to youth and youth justice with a newly informed perspective from youth themselves through film and poetry.
Concurrent Sessions: D1-D7
D1: Understanding Countering Violent Extremism â A Comprehensive/Collaborative Approach
Presenters: Kelly Gallant, Police Officer, Toronto Police Services and Scott McKean, Manager, Community Safety and Wellbeing, City of Toronto.
- Presented an overview of a collaborative community and police problem solving strategy that utilizes the FOCUS Toronto situation table/HUB model and community intervention models to work with individuals who may be on an early pathway to radicalization and violence. The TPS identified the need to develop an appropriate strategy to combat growing community concerns of radicalization and violence, particularly among youth. An international program review conducted in the UK, USA and Canada, allowed for the development of a strategy to be implemented in conjunction with existing prevention and intervention programs in the City of Toronto.
D2 How Do We Stop the Growth of Youth Gangs?
D2-1: Youth Gang Prevention: Learning from Conceptualization to Implementation
Presenter: Kelli Stevens, Project Manager, Identity-Based Wraparound Intervention
- This discussion was based on a project to prevent immigrant youth from becoming gang-involved in Calgary. The discussion focussed on the successes and challenges of creating, funding, implementing, and refining projects that are comprised of multiple partners and layers of complex issues.
D2-2: Engaging Gang-Involved Youth in a Culture of Feedback
Presenters: Michelle Prud'Homme, Clinical Supervisor and Luke Smith, Counsellor, Youturn Youth Support Services.
- This presentation highlighted youturn's use of Feedback Informed Treatment (FIT) with gang-involved youth and their families. Featuring empirical background and clinical implementation of this reliable outcome measure applied to justice involved youth and their families to ensure meaningful engagement, and strengthened therapeutic alliances.
D3 Early Intervention: The Key to Prevention
D3-1: Teaching children/youth how to stop and think before they act and make better choices âin the moment': The SNAP Model
Presenters: Dr.Leena Augimeri, Scientist-Practitioner, SNAP and Che Latchford, Skilled SNAP Sr.Trainer-Community Facilitator, Child Development Institute
- This presentation focussed on an evidence-based self-regulation model (SNAP; Stop Now And Plan) that teaches children/youth and their parents, how to stop and think before they act and make better choices âin the momentâ. A video presentation demonstrated the strategy and interactive technology to engage justice involved youth, and highlight innovative research findings showing SNAP's impact on changes in brain systems responsible for executive functioning, reducing criminal outcome/costs, and help repair parent-child interactions.
D3-2: Crime Prevention Starts in Elementary School
Presenters: Gillian Bowerman, Manager, Integrated School Support Program, Calgary Police Service and Kitt Chanthaboune, Business Strategist, Calgary Police Service.
- In 2014, the Calgary Police Service initiated a crime prevention initiative in two elementary schools called the Integrated School Support Program (ISSP). The presentation focussed on how ISSP uses research from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Social Emotional Learning (SEL) and physical well-being to craft an intervention program in a complex neighbourhood.
D5 Restorative Justice: At Work in Community & Secure Custody*
D5-1: Restorative Practice: A Way of Thinking and Being
Presenter: Bruce Schenk, Director of the International Institute â Canada
- The Restorative Practice Framework provided a practical paradigm for being restorative in a âcommunity' with the aim of focusing on strengthening relationships and repairing harm as a way of building community. As restorative practice continues to evolve and through restorative work in many settings, it has been observed that communities operating with a restorative mindset have the most success in creating and sustaining safe, productive and strong communities.
D5-2: Restorative Justice Development and Its Relation with Governmental Institutions
Presenter: Serge Charbonneau, Director, Regroupement des organismes de justice alternative du QuĂ©bec.
- This presentation reflected on the development of restorative justice in Quebec. The different development challenges including resistance of some agents of the justice system for minors was explored. The presentation addressed the developmental challenges of mediation for criminal cases and the need for the professionalization of restorative justice.
D5-3: Restorative Incarceration: A âTotal Institutionâ Approach at a Youth Correctional Centre
Presenter: Dr.Don Clairmont, Professor Emeritus and Director Atlantic Institute of Criminology, Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia
- The presentation explored the evolution of youth incarceration in Canada, the challenges and opportunities it poses for the rehabilitation and reintegration of increasingly high-risk youth and the effectiveness of recent initiatives. In that context the âtotal institution restorative approachâ in Nova Scotia is described and analyzed as a strategy that seeks change by transforming and subsequently building upon the subculture and relationships impacting youth in custody.
*This session was presented in English and French.
D6 Cannabis, A New Frontier: The Washington Stage Experience in Legalization and Pending Implications for Canada
Moderator: Laura A.Pisko, Director Health Protection Policy and Programs Branch, Population and Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care,
Presenters: Steven D.Johnson, Deputy Chief, Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board, Enforcement and Education Division, Robert Solomon, Law Professor, University of Western Ontario, Director of Legal Policy, MADD Canada.
- This moderated discussion explored the public health and safety Issues from a leading U.S. Expert discussing their experience with Cannabis legalization and lessons learned since 2012. A Canadian legal expert provided a provocative perspective on Canada's proposed legalization framework and its capacity to minimize the effects of cannabis use and potential consequences particularly in regard to youth.
D7 Stop Ignoring the Warning Signs
Presenters: Lance Dudar, Superintendent, Community Services Division and Wendy Stone Crime Prevention Strategist, Regina Police Service.
- Research shows that there are 7 years of warning (ages 7 to 14) before a troubled child may become as serious offender. TRiP is an innovative, early intervention approach designed to identify risk and mobilize services which result in more efficient and effective use of government resources and community services.
Keynote Presentation: Helping Our Youth Succeed and Overcome Barriers
Presenter: Jay Mandarino, President and CEO of the C.J. Group of Companies and oversees the daily operations of 30 companies including his Not-For-Profit ventures. Jay's founding company, C.J. Graphics Inc., is one of the most award-winning printing companies in North America.
This presentation included Jay's personal story and a live demonstration of young people doing several tricks on their skateboards. Jay Mandarino built and opened the fourth largest indoor not-for-profit Skateboard Park in the world to benefit all kids in the community, including kids with special needs and at-risk youth. Jay also runs an international skateboard certification program that teaches youth how to teach skateboarding.
Thank you for your support for Congress 2017,
President, Ontario Criminal Justice Association